ASSIGN- UPRN address match application
The UPRN address matching application that allows a user to match one or more addresses from a systems address file to an authoritative address, and to allocate a Unique Property Reference Number (UPRN) for the location of that address.
Background and purpose
The background to the objective of matching addresses and UPRN is as follows:
It is well established that a person's health is significantly affected by their environment in which they live and work.
People live in flats, houses, or are homeless. People work at home, outside, or in offices or factories.
In order to identify or rectify health issues relating to environments it is necessary to evaluate the affect of location, type of property, and occupancy, on the people who live and work in them.
In order to measure the effects on health it is necessary to link the health records of people to the properties in which they live and work.
In order to create that link it is necessary to identify the relevant property and the usual way in which a property is identified is via the person's home or work address.
There are problems with using addresses as a way of linking:
- Addresses are recorded by provider organisations in inconsistent ways.
- Addresses themselves change over time.
- Many properties have more than one address that matches the property. For example the local authority may have one address, whilst the post office may have another.
One way of resolving this problem is to assign a property identifier to an actual location and link the various addresses to it. When this is done, then by linking a person's health record to this property identifier, issues relating to the property, location and occupancy can be studied, problems can be acted on, and lives will be saved.
Unique Property Reference Numbers (UPRNs) are property identifiers for every property in Great Britain. Ordnance Survey provides access to these in a number of products, but their AddressBase Premium product is the most comprehensive database. It is derived from local government's NLPG (National Land and Property Gazetteer) as created and maintained by GeoPlace, Ordnance Survey’s OS MasterMap Address Layer 2 and the Royal Mail’s PAF (Postcode Address File). It adheres to British Standard for addressing BS7666, and every property has its Unique Property Reference Number (UPRN) and geographical co-ordinates. It is updated every 6 weeks.
Furthermore, there is an assured link between all addresses associated with a property over its life cycle, and from local authority and Royal Mail sources.
That being the case, if there was a service that matched the address from someone's health record to at least ONE of the addresses supplied by Address Base Premium then the UPRN can be derived and linked to the person. This will save lives.
Discovery information model supports the mapping of health related addresses to addresses provided by an authoritative organisation, those addresses being a gold standard for pointing to a UPRN. The matching service provides two subtypes of service:
- A Web application that people can use to upload a list of addresses and obtain a list of matched addresses and UPRNs (this article)
- A REST API that systems can use to request a matched address and a UPRN for that address
Address matching algorithms[edit | edit source]
main article UPRN address matching algorithms
Address matching is surprisingly difficult, and the algorithms used to match addresses are described in more detail by the UPRN address matching algorithms article.